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For millennium Central Asia has been at the centre of the world, the crossroad of civilizations and a home of to the legendary cities of Silk Road, the ancient trade network that connected Mediterranean with a richest of Asia.
Along Central Asia Silk Road crosses several countries and travel here is a mix of real adventure and high culture in cities such as Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva and Heart.
Central Asia, the area between the Caspian Sea and the
Tian Shan (also known as the Tengri
Tagh, meaning the Mountains of Heaven or the Heavenly Mountain)—have
always formed the heartlands of the Silk Road. This gathering point between
Europe and Asia forms the middle leg of the route, a resting spot and a place
of transfer, whose historical cities have long attracted traders and invaders
in equal measure.
With a huge land area of 4,000,000 million square
kilometers, Central Asia is sub continental in its scope. Mountains, steppe and
desert characterize much of the scenery. More than
three-quarters of Kazakhstan, including the
entire west and most of the south, is either semi desert (33.2 percent) or
desert (44 percent). South of here, the steppe turns to sand in the wastes of Kyzyl Kum (Red Sand) desert
of Uzbekistan and the Karakum (Black Sand) desert of Turkmenistan.
The southeast is
dominated by the high mountains of the Tian Shan, Pamirs and Hindu Kush, whose
remote, snow-capped ranges reach to 7,000 meters and higher.